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Dadun > Depósito Académico > Facultad de Farmacia > Departamento de Ciencias de la Alimentación, Fisiología y Toxicología > DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Artículos de revista >

Up-regulation of a thermogenesis-related gene (UCP1) and down-regulation of PPARgamma and aP2 genes in adipose tissue: possible features of the antiobesity effects of a beta3-adrenergic agonist.
Authors: Margareto, J. (Javier)
Larrarte, E. (Eider)
Marti, A. (Amelia)
Martinez, J.A. (José Alfredo)
Keywords: β3-Adrenergic agonist
Thermogenesis
Adipogenesis
Uncoupling proteins
Peroxisome proliferator-activated transcription factor
Retinoid X receptors
Diet-induced obesity
Issue Date: 2001
Publisher: Elsevier
Publisher version: doi:10.1016/S0006-2952(01)00562-7
ISSN: 0006-2952
Citation: Margareto J, Larrarte E, Marti A, Martinez JA. Up-regulation of a thermogenesis-related gene (UCP1) and down-regulation of PPARgamma and aP2 genes in adipose tissue: possible features of the antiobesity effects of a beta3-adrenergic agonist. Biochem Pharmacol 2001 Jun 15;61(12):1471-1478.
Abstract
A number of experiments have demonstrated the antiobesity effects of beta(3)-adrenergic receptor stimulation by promoting thermogenesis and/or lipolysis. While many studies have been performed in order to develop beta(3)-adrenergic agonists as a novel strategy in the management of obesity, more information is needed about the mechanisms involved in thermogenesis and the actions of these drugs on adipocyte differentiation. To address this, the possible thermogenic and antiadipogenic properties of Tertatolol, a beta(3)-adrenergic agonist, in a diet-induced obesity model has been tested. Animals fed on a high-fat diet gained more weight and fat mass as compared with control and high-fat fed animals treated with Tertatolol. A RT-PCR was carried out in white adipose tissue specific genes involved in thermogenesis such as uncoupling proteins (UCPs) and adipogenesis such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARgamma2), retinoid receptors (RXRalpha/RARalpha), and fatty acid binding protein (aP2). Levels of UCP1 mRNA were augmented in the Tertatolol-treated group as compared to non-treated high-fat fed animals, while the beta(3)-adrenergic agonist treatment significantly decreased the expression levels of aP2 and transcription factors such as PPARgamma2 and the ratio RXRalpha/RARalpha as compared to obese rats. Altogether these data suggest that the antiobesity effects of beta(3)-adrenergic agonists are not limited to the promotion of thermogenesis and/or lipolysis and support the implication that these beta(3)-adrenergic agonists also affect fat deposition by impairing adipogenesis in white adipose tissue (WAT).
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10171/17501
Appears in Collections:DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Artículos de revista

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